Desenvolvimento e aplicação de um fotômetro/fluorímetro microcontrolado à base de LED RGB para a determinação de espécies de interesse analítico
Guerreiro, Thiago Brito
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In this work, a photometer/fluorometer micro-controlled (P2FM) multifunctional, portable, communicated by USB 2.0, robust, easy handling and with low consumption of energy was developed. The P2FM was built using a micro-controlled (PIC-18F2455) as central unit of process (CPU), two tricolors LEDs (470, 528, 621 nm) as source of radiation, a multichannel sensor (TCS3200) and the management program wrote in Visual Studio. One of the two LED was used as radiation source for photometric mode. The TCS-3200 is a multichannel sensor with four photosensitive tracks: 480, 540, 750 e 830 nm, being that selection of track is performed by program controlled. The management program operates sending functions for microcontroller, record of dates and storage of signal (*.txt) through of USB port 2.0 (5.0 VCC, 300 mA). The P2FM is compact, with 3.5 cm × 7.0 cm × 8.5 cm size and 159.4 g of weight, considered as a portable device. In the program is selected of function mode: photometer or fluorimeter. In the analytic performance test by photometric mode, were used three solutions amaranth (AM), blue light (AB) and tartrazine (TT). The detection limits obtained were 1.6 × 10−7, 5.4 × 10−7 e 1.9 × 10−6 mol L−1 for AM, AB and TT, respectively. The quantification limits obtained were 4.8 × 10−7, 1.6 × 10−6 e 5.9 × 10−6 mol L−1 for AM, AB and TT, respectively. The correlation coefficients were AM = 0.997, AB = 0.975 and TT = 0.994. The analytic performance for fluorometric mode was carried using in both fluorescein (FL) and Rodamine 6G (R6G) solutions, were obtained a detection limit of 8.3 × 10−8 and 4.79 × 10−8 mol L−1, respectively for FL and R6G. The correlations coefficients were 0.997 for FL and 0.999 for R6G. Also, the proposed device was successfully used to sulphite determination in drinks, total hardness in water, determination of stability constant and study of stoichiometry of a chromogenic complex, aiming to show any applications of photometer/fluorimeter. The constant of formation obtained was 5.04 × 1018 is concordant with that presented in previous reports 6.2 × 1018. In sulphite determinations on eight samples of drinks, the paired studen’s t-test showed that reference method and photometric method using P2FM was 0.66 times smaller than critic value (2.36, α = 0.05). The total hardness in water was determined by fluorometric method, being that the P2FM showed best sensibility 8.94 × 106 that a determination using the RF5301/PC spectrofluorometer. The paired studen’s t-test (α = 0.05) no showed significant differences, calculated t (0.36) small than tabulated t (2.01).