Política e organização pedagógica do serviço de atendimento educacional especializado em Manaus
Silva Junior, Samuel Vinente da
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Brazilian educational legislation has advanced in the sense of offering access to education to groups that were once excluded from school spaces. At the same time, the contemporary school is still structured to serve students with disabilities in education systems. Thus, the present study aimed to analyze the municipal policy of Special Education and the offered services to students that are Target Audience of Special Education (TASE) in the municipality of Manaus. This study has a descriptive-analytical delineation, of a qualitative approach, in which four teachers from the municipal public education system and a representative of the Special Education Management participated. The data were collected through semi-structured interview scripts and a Protocol for Documentary Analysis of Public Policies in Special Education. It was consulted data from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), the National Institute of Studies and Educational Research Anísio Teixeira (Inep) and the Municipal Secretariat of Education (Semed). The collected data in the interviews were analyzed by means of elaboration of categories, counting on the appreciation of three judges to guarantee the reliability of the analysis performed. In the process of categorization of the deriving data from the documentary analysis, aspects were listed on what is prescribed in official documents and what is legitimized in school routine. As results, it has been observed in recent years a boost in the number of TASE students in the municipal school network. It was verified that the referral of these students to multifunctional resource rooms and special classes is carried out by the Special Education Management, through the evaluation of a multidisciplinary staff of the Municipal Complex of Special Education. Participants indicated that there is a proposal for insertion of goals and strategies for the Specialized Educational Assistance (SEA) in political-pedagogical projects and that make curricular adaptations. The results point to a restructuring of the Special Education policy in the sense of presenting guidelines for the enrollment of these students, for the proposal of specialized services, as well as goals and strategies through the Municipal Education Plan. However, the question of the training of teachers who work with these students, the adequacy of spaces for SEA and the structuring of decent conditions for pedagogical work are presented as challenges to be overcome for the effectiveness of the proposal for school inclusion. It was verified a proposition for continuous training and implementation of multifunctional resource rooms for the expansion of SEA’s offer. Thus, the data showed the importance of the participation of the family, teachers, managers and other professionals of the school to the effectiveness of the school inclusion process. It is expected that, with this study, we can propose a re-dimensioning and evaluation of educational policies to promote the answers to the needs of the TASE students enrolled in the municipal public education network.