A cor da advocacia em Salvador: uma análise do perfil racial da advocacia privada na capital baiana
Santos, Marcelo Rocha dos
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This paper aims to analyze the insertion of black professionals in the legal market, with emphasis on private advocacy, in the city of Salvador - Bahia. The interest is to verify, about a decade after the implementation of affirmative action in higher education, as is the professional field of Law, and how is the black presence in this field of training and professional performance. In the scope of formation, two higher education institutions, UFBA (Federal University of Bahia) and UCSAL (Catholic University of Salvador), selected based on their tradition in the teaching of Law, are the two oldest in the state of Bahia, and also due to the high performance of these universities in ENADE and the OAB Exam. Initially, we sought to analyze the enrollment of black students in these two universities, covering the period between 2003 and 2016. We then analyze the insertion of black professionals in the corporate market and large law firms in the city of Salvador, observing the most prestigious offices in the city, Selected based on the magazine Análise Advocacia 500. The theoretical framework that informs the research is the Sociology of Race Relations, anchored in the conception of race as a social construct, as proposed by Guimarães (1999), and in the dialogue with the Sociology of Professions, Based on the theoretical contributions of Eliot Freidson (2001), and Bonelli research (2002, 2008, 2013). In terms of method, we use secondary quantitative data (Inep data) and the generation of primary qualitative data, based on the iconographic analysis of the websites of the largest offices in Salvador, based on the publication Análise Advocacia 500, as well as in the publication itself , As well as semi-structured interviews with UFBA and UCSAL Law Teachers (in the area of education) and black lawyers and attorneys (in the market), seeking to understand their perceptions about racial relations in the market of soteropolitan law. Our main conclusion is that affirmative action policies have promoted the democratization of access to the teaching of law in Salvador, forming a large number of black lawyers, but the absorption of these professionals by the private law market still finds racial barriers, which make it impossible to access them. To the large offices in Salvador.