Representação da informação de bens culturais: construindo uma taxonomia no contexto das fazendas históricas paulistas
Bernardino, Mayara Cristina
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This research is in the context of Brazilian historic farms that were responsible, especially at national economic development from the cultivation of coffee between the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries. Different research groups have come together to develop and implement a methodology for cataloging and inventory cultural property of these farms making them available in a free software called Virtual Memory (VM). The VM is a system developed on an open source platform under GPL (General Public License), and allows you to store different types of historical collections, whether bibliographic, museum, archives, architectural and natural in a single database. It was initially developed by Science course researchers Computing, University of São Paulo (ICMC / USP), on the campus of São Carlos - SP, with its prototype ready for testing. Currently these surveys were concentrated in the project "Criteria and methodologies for carrying out the São Paulo cultural heritage inventories", supported by FAPESP. One of the results of this project was the development of a Standard Description Information (SDI) that supports the provision of content on VM. With this approach the following specific objectives were established: Compose a descriptive mapping of the studies developed in the Brazilian Information science concerning the development of concepts, theories, methods and tools focused on description, organization and representation of the National Rural Heritage. Recover, detail and describe the procedures already developed in earlier research, focused on the collection of words related to Paulista Rural Heritage. Specifically consider international standards for Organization and Retrieval in Information Science among them the ANSI / NISO Z39.19-2005. Develop an introductory structure of taxonomy, to be incorporated into the VM as a resource for indexing of cultural goods which are likely to be registered, listed. As a result, an initial structure was built in 3639 with taxonomy terms, hierarchically structured and with signs of use. The largest order related to the development of this memory environment ranges from the preservation of references of tangible and intangible heritage of Brazilian historic farms to the systematization of information that can improve the formulation of public policies for heritage education, and in this sense, any tool that allow optimize the recovery processes of information about cultural property, are welcome.