O presidencialismo de coalizão no Brasil: limites ou continuidade
Mendes, José Eduardo da Silva
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The period of President Dilma Rousseff's second term of office (2015-2016) has brought to light innumerable imbrications in the national political scene, resulting in multiple effects on Brazilian sociability such as ideological polarization, insecurity in institutions, discrediting politics, , the instability and pressure that permeates the current political atmosphere, consolidated with the impeachment of 2016, reverberate cautious warnings of undemocratic thinking, provoking the need for rational reflections on the events that happened in the period. In this context, relevant discussion refers to the contribution to the crisis given by the institutional model itself, the so-called coalition presidentialism. Analyzing this political-institutional arrangement adopted in Brazil, in the light of the governments of the Workers Party (PT) and the Party of the Brazilian Democratic Movement (PMDB), it aims to demonstrate that, despite the historical criticisms related to the mechanisms used by the institutional engineering in force in the country, the political imbalance presents part of the reasoning outside the scope of the institutions. Thus, institutional aspects that reflect to a great extent the regular functioning of the decision-making relations involving the Executive and Legislative branches will be highlighted, listing hypotheses that signal this predominantly extra-institutional character of the crisis.