Reforma trabalhista no Brasil: análise crítica e possíveis impactos
Silva, Antonio Donizetti da
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This research analyzed the recently approved Labour Reform (Law No. 13,467 of November 2017), presented by the president Michel Temer in his government. It aims to associate this Reform with the neoliberal policy prescription - which was the issue of a limited debate - which has already been presented before and during the Government of Fernando Henrique Cardoso (FHC), during his first term in 1998. The association of this Reform with the neoliberal ideals sought to establish a more accurate analysis of the arguments that supported the defense of the neoliberal policy prescription adopted by the FHC government. It was also analyzed the theories that originate from or are correlated with the Chicago School which served as an experiment for the application of economic adjustments in several countries, notably in those from the southern cone of the American continent. Among these several points of views we seek the elaborations belonging to the supporters and formulators of these theses that discussed the need for economic adjustments in the peripheral countries and also tested, through practical experiences of today, the effectiveness of theories that, for example, defended the investment theory in human beings as a policy of qualification and economic return. We are talking about human capital theory. The analysis of these positions contributed strongly to the understanding of the numerous movements that drove the approval of the Reform, the interest groups behind it and, fundamentally, the impacts on the reality of salaried employees in the country, resulting from the newly approved labour legislation. To gather this data, a literature review and documental research were conducted.
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