Políticas públicas e imóveis ociosos: aplicabilidade da função social a favor do envelhecimento
Dissertação de mestrado. Autor: Filipe Augusto Portes. Orientadora: Profª Drª. Luzia Cristina Antoniossi Monteiro. Coorientadora: Profª Drª. Luciana Márcia Gonçalves. Programa de Pós Graduação em Gerontologia. UFSCar (3.785Mb)
Portes, Filipe Augusto
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The demographic transition represents a complex and unprecedented phenomenon in the history of mankind, and never before has there been such a large number of elderly people in the world. Projections point out that in Brazil population aging tends to intensify in the coming decades, requiring relevant strategies on the part of public authorities and society. Concomitantly, Brazilian cities have unequal conditions, marked by socio-spatial segregation, and reveal a considerable idle real estate stock. This scenario contradicts the principles laid down by the legislation and tends to represent an even greater problem in view of the current demographic dynamics. Therefore, it is understood the importance of actions and policies that promote the right to the city, especially those most vulnerable. In this sense, this work systematizes alternatives to demands that are interrelated with the progress of population aging, based on the precept of the social function of property and based on legislative analysis of legal-urban instruments. Thus, it is understood that social inclusion, made possible through the democratization of urban space, represents a key element in the promotion of conditions relevant to old age. Thus, this research aimed to analyze the presence of idle properties in the central region of the municipality of Araraquara (SP), aiming at the applicability of the social function, requalifying them for housing and / or social facilities that serve people in the old age phase. The study has a cross-sectional, descriptive and exploratory character, based on the assumptions of the quantitative-qualitative method of investigation. This work represents an outline of a larger project, entitled “Right to the City and the Elderly: proposal for requalification of idle properties”, which was carried out with regular assistance from FAPESP (process nº 2017 / 15781-9). In other words, from the field visit phase until the verification of active debt, there was a significant minimization of the findings. In view of the data analysis and analysis, it was possible to identify 62 properties without proper use, 28 of which had been in this situation for at least five years. Of this sample, only 10% had active debt, expressing requirements for action by mechanisms such as the Instituto do Abandono. Such an outcome demonstrates that the link between abandonment and tax burdens, provided for by the legislation, weakens the principles that support the social function of property. Thus, it is possible to perceive the potential of instruments such as PEUC and Social Leasing, which lack specific regulations and applicability at the municipal level. Finally, it could be seen that socio-spatial segregation is a reality fueled by the inapplicability of existing provisions in the constitutional and infraconstitutional wording, exposing the lack of commitment of public agents, among other major factors that make up urban inequality. Thus, the presence of idle properties represents an obstacle to the realization of the right to the city, bringing with it socio-environmental damage inconceivable in the face of contemporary incitement.
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