Efeitos da ovariectomia e treinamento resistido na atividade da metaloproteinase-2 no tendão calcâneo de ratas
Pereira, Guilherme Borges
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Tendons remodeling relies upon extracellular matrix restructuring by the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). The aim of this study was to investigate MMP-2 activity in different regions of the calcanear tendon after resistance training in ovariectomized rats. Wistar adult female rats were grouped into: sedentary (Sed-Intact); ovariectomized sedentary (Sed-Ovx); acute exercise (AcuteEx-Intact); ovariectomized acute exercise (AcuteEx-Ovx); resistance trained (ChronicEx-Intact) and ovariectomized resistance trained (ChronicEx-Ovx) (n= 10 each group). The resistance training protocol required the animals to climb a 1.1-m vertical ladder with weights attached to their tail was used. The sessions were performed once every 3 days with 4-9 climbs and 8-12 dynamic movements per scaling. The acute groups performed one session, and the chronic groups underwent a 12-week of resistance training. There was an increase in total MMP-2 activity in Sed- Ovx, AcuteEx-intact and ChronicExintact compared with Sed-Intact in the proximal region of calcanear tendon. AcuteEx-Ovx exhibited higher total MMP-2 than Sed-Ovx and AcuteEx-Intact in the distal region of calcanear tendon. Chronic-Ovx presented lower total MMP-2 activity than Sed-Ovx and Chronic-Intact in the distal region of tendon. The active MMP-2 was higher for the AcuteEx- Ovx than Sed-Ovx and AcuteEx-Intact in proximal region of tendon. There was higher active MMP-2 in the distal region of tendon in the Acute-Ovx than Sed-Ovx and AcuteEx-Intact. Ovariectomy and resistance exercise modulate MMP-2 activity according to specific tendon region, indicating a differentiated tissue remodeling.