A questão sindical a partir da perspectiva da experiência político-cultural - os metalúrgicos em São Carlos.
Granja, Regina Helena
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The present doctorate assay is related to the syndical issue of our living days, and searches for subsidiaries in order to begin answering the set of interrogations placed on the theoretical debate nowadays through the Brazilian syndical experience study, exemplified by the metallurgist in São Carlos - SP. Deep transformations in the economical, political, social and cultural spheres mark the contemporary world. This huge set of changes reaches the people s daily routine, modifying their lives, objective and subjectively. In face of this process of intense changes, it I common to hear that the State, Politics, the Political Parties, Capitalism are in crisis, that is, they are facing severe obstacles in order to follow ahead. In this context there has been an attempt for a better understanding of what has been defined in the specialized literature, specially in the Political Science, Sociology and Economy as the syndicalism crises: its meanings and consequences. Would the syndicate, considered throughout history as a social and political representation and defense organization of the labor class, be today, loosing their reason o existence and their function in the globalized capitalist system? For this vital issue, searching to go beyond the interpretations which carryout their analysis only towards the economic impacts, this work covers the cultural of the labor class, using the experience concept for that purpose as wella as how E. P. Thompson understands it: throughout the time, the demands each time more privatized and sectorial lost of sight the political, emancipatory and collective sense.