A radiodifusão no Brasil e a ditadura militar : o governo Médici.
Silva, Maurício Ferreira da
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This research focus on the broadcasting in the context of the military dictatorship in Brazil, during the government of Emilio Garrastazu Médici. The broadcasting beginning has been marked by the decurrently transformations of the industrialization process, during 19th. Century. Beyond the research with transmission waves that had marked this period, the industry brought, for the scope of the social organization, the reality of the urbanization process, motivated for the new work relations. The new urban reality constructs, in turn, the ideal scene for mass-media development. In Brazil this reality is not different, since the first research on transmission waves occurs at the 20th. Century beginning, in the moment of intense industrial development. At 1930 s, as a consequence of the capitalist perspective of market, the radio incorporates commercial classification, that influences the appearing of the television in 1950. Then, radio and TV become private properties with lucrative ends, holding with the government the prerogative for the concessions of functioning and to be acting in the sector, as well. From these possibilities, and considering the strategically paper of these vehicles for the social organization, the government, at different moments and with different objectives, starts to use them to propagate institutional advertising, even though inaugurate its own networks. This use intensifies from the military dictatorship establishment, in 1964. The military government that controlled the national politics during twenty years had massive invested in the structural development of radio and television networks, beyond using them as mechanism of supporting, legitimating and propagation of its authoritarian ideology. The imposed bases created from the military blow at 1964 had served as foundation for Médici government puts under control the broadcasting vehicles, in order to continuity theirs structural development, to establish the censorship of the programming, as well as to create an authoritarian legislation that directly limited the action of the involved ones with the functioning of the broadcasting.