Cultura, política e alfabetização no Brasil: a 'Segunda Campanha de Nacionalização' do ensino (1938-1945).
Dias, Gustavo Tentoni
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This dissertation provides a reflection about the educational politics that aimed at the teuton-brazilian ethnic group of Santa Catarina, during the period called Estado Novo (1938- 1945), which became known as The Second Nationalization Campaign of teaching. It is claimed that this governmental pedagogic attitude aspired the diffusion of the primary school, which were supported by the state and the federal government, throughout the teuto-brazilian cities, as if it were a vehicle that advertised the nationalist ideals defended by the Brazilian State. Thus, this work investigate the fact that the government concerns were related to a possible territorial fragmentation, seeing that, according to the government, there was a fragile presence of national culture in the south of Brasil or it may me related to a trial to eradicate any cultural trace of the referred ethnical group that could endanger the country with nazi-facist idealisms. To support this argumentation, this dissertation searched for documents and decrees created at the time of Vargas government, besides studyng a bibliography which was previously selected and studying interviews collected from students and locals of the investigated period and place.