Entre rupturas e permanências: modos de vida e estratégias de enfrentamento à vida nas margens no cotidiano de pessoas trans
Melo, Késia Maria Maximiano de
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This thesis has as its main objective to understand how trans people throughout their life histories build strategies to face the conditions of marginalization. It was intended to map the social support networks (formal and informal), as well as the social actors that compose/compose the life stories of these subjects; identify life projects (executed or not) and how they became dynamic throughout their lives; identify the strategies developed, activated and the way they were executed to face the conditions of marginalization; identify the social and political aspects that are involved in these experiences; and understand what are the expectations of these subjects in relation to the process of participation and social emancipation. To this end, it uses the oral history of life as a data collection methodology, in addition to ethnographic tools, such as observation. Data analysis was based on the concept of ways of life, in the light of the perspectives of Elizabeth Lobo and Isabel Guerra, arranged in three central axes: The system and social actors, history and everyday life, and the objective and subjective in the perception of reality. Furthermore, the analyzes were followed by an intersectional perspective, considering that several other social markers of difference, such as race, class, generation and regionality, were relevant in the construction of coping strategies. The results indicated that the impositions of the sex-gender-desire system operate from the first stages of the life course, using as a gear different actors and social institutions, such as the family, school, health services, among others, in order to regulate social practices and life projects, delimiting the tools and access to the concrete conditions of operationalization of life. The way in which these impositions and limits are perceived mediate the main coping strategies, which are configured as the redefinition of social support networks, the search for strengthening and recognition, which, in the case of the informants in this research, took place through the education and/or insertion in the spaces of the social movement. The analysis based on the concept of ways of life offered a powerful lens for recognizing the demands of this social group, presenting itself as a possibility for social occupational therapy.
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