Regularização ambiental de propriedades agrícolas: transição de cenários
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The constant changes of the forest legislation in Brazil show the complexity in its interpretation and application by the farmers in their properties. Since the first Forest Code (FC) through the decree no. 23.793 from 1934, going through the creation of the New FC through the Federal Law no. 4.771 from 1965 to the Federal Law no. 12.651 from 2012 which formulated the previous one, there were significant changes on the concepts, parameters and on the application way on those standards according to the preservation and the natural sources management of the farms, however, for their regularization should be observed basically two kinds of restriction of the soil usage proposed by the forest law: the permanent preservation area (PPA) and the legal reserve (LR). Thus, the aim of this work was to analyze the transition of the scenes according to the environmental regularization of the farms of the FC from 1965 and FC from 2012, besides to create a timeline from 1934 to 2012, analyzing the main legislations about the creation of the FC diagrams from 1965 and FC from 2012, analyzing the actions which should be done to regulate the farm. It was verified that the FC from 1965 was effective for 47 years, but it had gone through more than 80 modifications in its original text being more constant in the 90 s and 2000 s, nevertheless more than 90% of the farms didn t respect it. The reform of the FC from 1965, consolidated only by the end of 2012 through the Federal Law no. 12.727 which converted the MP no. 571 changing definitely the Federal Law no. 12.651 from May, 25th aimed to modernize trying to pair the FC from 2012 to the new reality of the Brazilian agriculture, bringing new mechanisms and tools to make its application easier. Although these devices should be applied in a practical and simple way to attend the 5.175.636 farms in a two year deadline, taking the risk of disuse like the previous FC.