Análise da sustentabilidade dos agroecossistemas de Altinópolis/SP
Fonseca, Augusto Cesar Prado Fernandes
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The municipality of Altinópolis is historically recognized by coffee farms and tourist attractions, and currently local agriculture has diversified and is under agribusiness pressure. To analyze and compare the sustainability indexes of production systems in the municipality of Altinópolis, according to the size of the farms, were established social, economic and environmental indicators. These indicators were measured by applying semi-structured interviews in the production units. After analysis and discussion of the data collected, the sustainability indices were determined and represented by biogram. It was observed that family farms have higher levels of sustainability. Positive highlights of family systems are: diversity of commercial crops, adoption of soil conservation practices, interactions of agricultural activities, rural family background and family work. In contrast, medium to large production systems (> 4 fiscal modules) achieved positive highlights of: receiving frequent technical guidance, conducts periodic correction of the soil, have good infrastructure (machinery, implements and improvements), and create salaried jobs in the batch.