Análise qualitativa e quantitativa dos danos ambientais do Município de São Carlos (SP) com base em instrumentos jurídicos.
Cintra, Roberta Hehl de Sylos
MetadataMostrar registro completo
The public instauration and registration of environmental damages in the local landscape became a fundamental tool to collect information with easiness and reliability. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of the environmental damages was accomplished in the municipal district of São Carlos, SP, based on the organization and analysis of a database contemplating the juridical instruments established to the State public prosecution service, in the perspective of a diagnosis and of the environmental quality of the local landscape in terms of the relationship among the environmental damages and the current development trajectories. It was organized in a database 326 Administrative Procedures and 22 Public Civil Actions, totaling 348 prosecution registrations of environmental damages, in the period regarding 1991-2000. The environmental damages were classified in nine types, being deforestation the one of larger occurrence in every year and along the study period. Of the total number of deforestation 82,9% is related with areas smaller than five hectares, with prevalence of the performance of natural persons in relation to legal entities. It corresponds to 9,8% of the deforested total area, being equal to 110,35 hectares. The remaining 17,1% are associated with areas larger than five hectares embracing 90,2% of the deforested total area, being equal to 1013,27 hectares. The 217 registrations of environmental damages in the period from 1991 to 2000 determined a total loss of 1121,62 hectares of the vegetation component of the local landscape. In a rude estimate this total corresponds to the medium losses of 5,91 ±4,14 ha/occurrence and of 112,36 ± 91,73 ha/year of deforested area. The occurrence of environmental damages in Permanent Protection Areas, in number and in extension of deforested area, it is basically associated to the net road and to the riparian vegetation of the local watersheds. This process evidences the compromising of the environmental quality of the water resource, and landscape areas of hills and hillsides, in terms of the habitat loss and of the associated biodiversity. These results doesn t correspond to the real scenery of the local landscape conditions, once the environmental damages were not registered in your totality. It is fundamental the interaction among the information registered by the fiscal organs and those responsible ones by the elaboration and application of the guidelines for local development.