Indústria cultural, natureza e educação: uma análise do uso de recursos midiáticos sobre a temática ambiental na escola
Santos, Janaina Roberta dos
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The environmental crisis experienced today shows, evidently, that the relationship model historically built between humans and nature became destructive and unsustainable. This relationship model is highly influenced by the development of modern science, which since its beginnings, touts the mastery of nature in order to know it. In this process, we highlight the contributions of scientists such as Francis Bacon, Galileo Galilei, René Descartes and Isaac Newton, whom effectively altered the way the humans would relate to the external world. However, the modern era showed the horror of Nazism and World Wars, maximum symbols that the technical rationality and thunderous progress of the science and technology were not used only for the good of humanity. Apart from these findings and from the contribution of the thinkers of the Critical Theory, this study seeks to understand the role played by education in the process of emancipation of individuals against the dictates of the culture industry and the consumer society, which by means of "ecologically correct" speeches aims to retain a consumer market for their products, manufactured in the same logic of the capitalist commodity production, but with appeals for the environmental protection. In this sense, we observe the growth and dissemination of children's films that address environmental issues since the nineties, invading areas of society, including the school. Considering this problem, this study aims to examine how children's movies - that address environmental issues - are used by teachers in the first years of primary education, as well as understand the reasons behind such use. The research was developed from questionnaires and interviews with primary teachers, pedagogues, a city in Minas Gerais. The data collected show that most of the participating teachers use these media resources in their classes for the following reasons: great accessibility to such movies and internet video rentals, preference and acceptability of students in relation to movies; aid of another party to diversify lectures in which only the teacher talks about it, and the search for make lessons about the environment more attractive and interesting to students. In conclusion, through this research, that most teachers do not perform a detailed analysis of these films, which indicates the need for a more critical training teachers on the use of media resources in educational activities. However, it is worth mentioning the participation of a teacher. He demonstrated in his reports the importance of teaching and commitment to the training of students, towards a more reflexive understanding of environmental issues. Therefore, from the positioning of this teacher and according to our studies, it could be said that education can be considered a possibility to exert a questioning the logic of the consumer society, the products of the culture industry and the process of erudition, which together represent an obstacle in building a new relationship between humans and nature.