Educação jesuítica; século XVII: Alexandre de Gusmão e o Seminário de Belém da Cachoeira
Oliveira, Fábio Falcão
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The present PHD thesis is intended to understand the formal aspects of colonial society. In this sense, Alexandre of Gusmão appears in this survey as a man whose ability to pedagogical application manifested in the founding of the Seminary of the Belém of Cachoeira. But for he found the Seminar there was an influence, an inspiration that led to this project. Starting from the Council of Trent and understanding as Alexandre of Gusmão sought the Founder of the Society of Jesus (Ignasio of Loyola) and jesuit intellectual enthusiasm for the project, unveils a tangle of strands, which enables the analysis not only of Alexandre of Gusmão, but of all the colonial context. Thus, we understand that Alexandre of Gusmão is a product of the educational constitution that has occurred in Brazilian lands; history of pedagogy that firm by the numbers of colleges founded by the jesuits relation with the metropolis. As the jesuits cultivated Luso-European Culture, by way of rationalizing the world, how come a pedagogical possibilities of application in the documents guided the Society of Jesus. Anyway, not only the intellectuals of the Society of Jesus, but the documents, the Ratio Studiorum and the Constitutions of the Society of Jesus, inspired Alexandre of Gusmão which adopts and creates, along with Manuel Correia As Regras do Seminário de Belém da Cachoeira forming the basis of a statute that would be applied by Alexandre of Gusmão to educate boys in Brasílica Colony. His whole way of seeing the school world, the rules for students, teacher, functionary, hours of visits, vacations and recreation, religious ritual, masses, reflection, etc, lead to practice good manners.