Ser caiçara em Ilhabela: as construções de identidade nas tensões entre o passado e o presente
Campos, Silmara Elena Alves de
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This survey was conducted with caiçaras of Ilhabela, a city-archipelago located in the northern coast of the State of São Paulo - Brazil. This social group is understood as part of social, economic, cultural and historical relations, which allows them to take ownership, learn and interpret the values and behaviors related to their own time and place. The question of this research study was: "What teaches the caiçara being caiçara in Ilhabela? The central objective was to understand the processes involved in educational development of the caiçara , taking into account its routine (ways to live, work, play , movie, teach and learn). The methodology used was phenomenological inspiration, and methodological procedures as daily field (16 descriptions) and interviews (13 descriptions). From the interviews transcription and subsequent analysis, 4 categories were established: "The caiçara world attacked"; "Being Caiçara ", "Resistance", "Recovering the caiçara culture" which allowed the completion of construction of combining results interviews with the field notes. In the considerations, it can be highlighted that despite the aggression and educational processes imposed to the caiçara world, these generate reactions contrary to them, such as those described by educational processes pertaining the fight for freedom, for a better world, in actions of solidarity, cooperation, resistance. We emphasize that at all times, it has been tried to impose to the caiçara people a pattern of language, social behavior, habits and customs, which will disrupt their way of life and that there, so there is a need for a political project that valorize the caiçara knowledge, the respect for diversity, ethical attitude, sustainable environmental responsibility and therefore humanitarian. Furthermore, we believe that the identity is not static, it is being-with-the-other-to-the-world.