A ampliação do ensino fundamental de nove anos na escola pública e na escola privada : a experiência de Araraquara
Zingarelli, Joice Eliete Boter
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The present research tried to investigate the difference between inserted six years children's education and learning process in the basic education of nine years duration in public and private institutions of education. For thus, both two municipal educational net's schools and two private schools were observed, both in Araraquara. Through the research, we tried to find how the six years children's integration process were occurred in Basic Education and which education was offered for these childrens, in public and private Basic Education. We use as theorical basis of this study the new law of Education's Basis and Directives, 9394/96 and of the Laws the 11,114/05 and 11,274/06 and orientation implementation materials of the program of magnification of Basic, raising the duration of education from eight to nine years, with insertion of the six years children, divulged for the Ministry of the Education, in which the magnification of Basic Education to nine years is contemplated, and the school registration of the six years children in Basic Education passes to be obligatory. Moreover, we analyze the Araraquara's Municipal Plan of Education, the municipal public and private school's Political Pedagogical Proposals, well with private schools' advertisement folders, with the purpose of contextualize the city in which the observed schools are inserted and to inquire as municipal public school's net was carried through the process of Basic Education's magnification and in the private net of education. Later, an analysis of this research selected schools was become fulfilled, having searched to verify the existing relation between the observed procedures in classroom, and pedagogical projects and the official documents of the Ministry of the Education. Was found, through the observations, that the changes had been effusives in the municipal public schools than in the private ones, since the municipal public schools had passed for referring alterations to the physical space, and in the education and learning conceptions, and organization of time, already in the private schools the same that did not happen, since the alterations had been mere bureaucratic, that is, had been made only paper alterations, therefore in the practical the six years children's reality remained the same structure, conception and organization of the Infantile Education. Facts these, that they had reflected in the different gotten results in the process of the six years children's linguistic code acquisition in the municipal public and private schools. In this direction, it is considered the need to argue the effect of the educational politics in all children's education and learning process.