Um estudo sobre a creche: o que as práticas educativas produzem e revelam sobre a questão racial?
Oliveira, Fabiana de
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The developed research characterizes as a study of descriptive case of related qualitative nature to the practical day-care center and that it involves the analysis of the educative ones and the treatment of the racial question in the between zero and three years of age. The relevance for the development of the project is based on the importance of the research for the black community as an subsidy for the questioning of the racial relations in Brazil since the infantile education and due to the exiguity of works also involving this educational segment and the racial relations. Adding itself also to this, the importance of the research for the area of educative practical infantile education aiming at the confrontation of homogeneity and racism. The objectives of the research had been the following: to elaborate a theoretical synthesis from the studies carried through on the infancy of the black child in the racial research and to analysis the educative practical ones that occurs in the day-care center, with emphasis in the black child, verifying the ways for which these practical produce and disclose the question racial. The research was developed with black children of a day-care center of the municipal net of education of São Carlos (SP), during a period of learning semester. The collection of data was carried through using the following resources: interview and comment accomplishment daily of field with the professionals of the day-care center. The theoretical syntesis concerning the question of the black child was carried through from a bibliographical survey on the studies carried through on this child and later production of the bibliographical revision for the elaboration of the syntesis, intending itself thus, to give subsidies for the production of information that will contribute to supply the racial question to the infantile education. Forty-five articles had been found, amongst which, fourteen indicated in the heading the reference to the black child and thirty-one did not make this reference. As referencial theoretician, the studies developed on the racial relations from the theoretical source of Paul Gilroy and Stuart Hall had been used searching to also articulate these contributions in the understanding of the treatment of the racial questions in the daycare center and the studies of Michel Foucault and Gilles Deleuze.