Políticas públicas de avaliação na perspectiva docente: desdobramentos da Provinha Brasil, Prova Brasil e SARESP para o trabalho de professores dos anos iniciais do ensino fundamental
Martins, Priscila de Paulo Uliam
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In the past two decades the external evaluations have influenced public educational institutions in Brazil. Educational programs, public policies, educational practices and curricula are being rethought to meet the goals of evaluations such as Prova Brasil and SARESP. However, few discussions have focused on the perspective of the professionals who are directly affected by the results of these evaluations: the teachers. In this context, the objective of this research was to analyze the consequences of the external evaluations, Prova Brasil, Provinha Brasil and SARESP, on the teaching work, from the perspective of teachers from two primary schools in a medium-sized city in the state of São Paulo. This research is qualitative and was carried out by means of a structured questionnaire and semi-structured interviews with teachers. The bibliographic and documentary research was based on studies of official publications on external evaluation, as well as the critical theoretical framework assumed in the study. The survey results indicated that most teachers had no objection to the implementation of external evaluation itself. However, the criticism settled on the processes they proportionate. Through the data analysis it can be inferred that the external evaluations have stimulated competition among schools. The race for results, besides generating an environment of pressure and stress, ultimately guides the work of teachers towards training for testing. One highlight was the criticism of teachers on the bonus for results in São Paulo.