Orientação acadêmica e profissional dos estudantes universitários com deficiência : perspectivas internacionais
Cabral, Leonardo Santos Amâncio
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The exponential increase of students with disabilities enrolled at universities of different countries has urged these institutions to enable some services geared to their guidance, both academic and professional level. However, the international literature shows that these initiatives, in some realities, are still disconnected from the broader socio-economic context. This can significantly inhibit opportunities which would allow tertiary students to put in practice their professionalism for the benefit of the society. In order to find possible solutions to this problem, in principle identified empirically in Brazil by the researcher, the objective of this research was to explore, in an international level, initiatives related to the academic and professional guidance of students with disabilities. In this direction has been realized this case study on the field, which results was presented in three parts, according to the conditions, participants, temporality and methods adopted: a) Longitudinal descriptive case study in Italy: during three years, in condition of full immersion at Disability Services of University of Rome Foro Italico it was put in place an empirical proposal on academic and professional guidance which involved 20 students with disabilities enrolled in three italian universities, through the implementation of objective strategies and specific tools of observation, evaluation and monitoring, with the participation of 4 academic tutor and 20 career tutor; b) Exploratory case study in England and France: during the international mobility provided by the Doctor Europeaus, during three months were carried out observation activities and given interviews to academic and career tutors of two French universities and two British universities. c) Exploratory Case Study in Denmark and Ireland: through active participation in the project Univers'Emploi of the European program Leonardo da Vinci, were realized technical visits in locus and transnational meetings with the heads of Disability Services of the Danish and Irish Universities which allowed the collection of data through observation and anedoctal records. The overall analysis of the results emerged from this research has allowed to identify, in an international perspective, the strengths of each reality explored. The reflections on these elements have directed the proposition of indicators which can contribute to the scientific and university community on the implementation, evaluation and monitoring of a potential academic and professional guidance program for tertiary students with disabilities.