Tecnologia assistiva: identificação de modelos e proposição de um método de implementação de recursos
Alves, Ana Cristina de Jesus
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The latest international researches seek to understand the factors that influencing the successful use of assistive technology devices through studies regarding the systematizing of assessments; abandonment of devices; or theoric models that consider the aspects of those devices implementation. In Brazil the researches are focused on developing new technologies and there are still not sufficient studies related to the successful use of devices and ways of assistive technology implementation. The main objective of this study was to identify and provide a way to implement assistive technology devices for use in Brazil. There was identified and analyzed the major conceptual and practical approaches related to the implementation of AT devices, choosing the more structured model cited in the literature to be analyzed and made available for use. Thus, this research involved two studies. The first focused on the literature review that revealed conceptual models and the most common assessments used for indication and implementation of assistive technology devices. The second study aimed to select a conceptual model and assessment tool for indicating AT, and cross-cultural validation of this instrument. The results showed that among 29 selected articles, 17 conceptual models used in the area of AT were found, of these, 14 were specific to AT. Regarding the assessments identified only 7 of the 15 were specific of AT. The conceptual model Matching person and Technology MPT and the assessment Assistive Technology Device Predisposition Assessment - ATD PA were selected for analysis and cross-cultural adaptation. Thus, this study has resulted in the manual and the assessment ATD PA Br - adapted version for Brazil, providing a systematic way of indication of AT devices related to the national reality.