Modelo matemático do processo de purificação do ácido clavulânico por troca iônica em coluna de leito fixo
Cuel, Maressa Fabiano
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Clavulanic acid (CA) is a β-lactam antibiotic produced industrially by submerged cultures of the filamentous bacterium Streptomyces clavuligerus. Due to its importance, several studies on the purification of clavulanic acid have been conducted at the Department of Chemical Engineering of the Federal University of São Carlos DEQ-UFSCar. As a natural sequence of these works, a need has been identified for greater knowledge about the CA adsorption process by mathematically modeling the incorporation of the phenomenon of CA degradation in the sites of resin through a first order reaction. Because amino acids stand out among the principal molecules that are found in fermented broth, it has become imperative for the development of the process to evaluate purification in terms of the amino acids present during the purification process. Some of these amino acids, e.g., tyrosines, present physicochemical properties similar to those of clavulanic acid. The process of batch absorption can be simulated by a mathematical model, providing kinetic and transport parameters involved in absorption. A mathematical model of the clavulanic acid purification process in a fixed-bed absorption column was developed to determine the rupture curve. The modeling allowed for the determination of several important process parameters, such as transport parameters and the intrinsic kinetic constants of absorption. A sensitivity analysis demonstrated that the mass transfer coefficient strongly influences the results of the model. The simulation of the process led to the conclusion that the process is limited both by the degradation stage during absorption and by the mass transfer, indicating that both factors must be taken into account in the analysis of this type of process in a fixed-bed column. It was also found that the degradation of CA in the resin sites is a factor that does not allow the rupture curve to reach the value of C/Co equal to 1, which explains the low yield of the CA process during absorption. This work also aimed to apply the sequencing method to solve the partial differential equations that represent the mathematical model which describes the adsorption of CA in Amberlite IRA-400 resin and to compare it with the finite difference method which is more commonly employed. The application of the proposed methodology in the clavulanic acid purification process in a packed column showed a good performance, with a rupture curve very similar to that obtained by the finite difference method, thus demonstrating the efficiency of the proposed method.