Análise de impactos de vizinhança decorrentes da implantação de supermercados no Município de São Carlos
Gonçalves Neto, Pedro Silveira
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The study of the neighborhood impact deals chiefly the question of the limit intervention in the urban area. Due to the high population growth and the absence of laws to propose a direction to the use and land cover, these were conducted in a disorderly way. The result can be seen in the spatial segregation experienced by low-income population and the ineffectiveness of infrastructure urban systems that permitted the placement of large buildings without the proper review within the current legal parameters. The Federal Law 10.257/2001, also known as City Statute, emerged as one of the guidelines for analysis of urban land, because imposes the rules that permit a better reclamation of land use through the study of the neighborhood impact (EIV). The City Statute relieves a significant importance as regards the provision of urban and community, transport and public services, to the interests and needs of the population and the local characteristics in the development of RIV, since the man's action on urban land, without a prior planning, already shows signs of degradation not only of the urban environment, but also with regard to the physical environment. In this context, this project was developed, with the help of GIS tools, in a study covering the municipality of São Carlos and different categories of supermarketsized (small, medium and large - defined based on the area occupied by development and volume of activity) in order to assess the influence of the size of the business in the neighborhood impacts generated by these supermarkets. The work has developed about how the positioning of companies (in addition to other factors such as size of the building and nearby) contribute to the increase in population density and change of use of buildings, thus the result post-deployment directly affects attendee population of the nearby building. The results showed that the Geographic Information System enabled relationships between the variables and was capable to spatialized them effectively. In addition, was found that the legislation does not have total conditions to guide the studies of urban impacts due to the complex integration between the urban environment and impacting components.