Diretrizes de planejamento e projeto urbano sustentável de campi universitários: o caso da UFSCar
Gaion, Patrícia Pinheiro
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The spatial structure which configures the university campi, its social function and the impact generated in urban space and in the environment, present relevant issues worthy of special attention regarding new constructions as well as the rennovation and addition of the preexisting. In consequence of the national context of increasing expansion and restructuring of public campi, and the current debate on construction of a society and sustainable cities, the research´s objective seeked to verify how the guidelines and parameters of planning and sustainable projects of university campi are being approached. Therefore, the planning apparatus belonging to the Federal University of São Carlos UFSCar have been selected as the object of this study, expressed in the Institutional Development Plan and Environmental Zoning documents. For the purpose of a conceptual-theoretical foundation, a historical survey was performed for the better understanding of the institutional and spatial configuration of universities in the campi form, from their foundation to their contemporary conformation. For the verification of this work´s proposed planning, the qualitative research method used defined categories and analyses variables compiled from the conceptual-theoretical study and practical experiences regarding planning and sustainable projects of university campi. The analysis carried out in a comparative and relational manner between the categories and the documents, pointed out pertinent environmental sustainability issues such as Sustainable Urban Project, Ecology and Environment, and Education and Culture. The analysis result also identified relevant points that were not approached, for a reflection and incorporation in the planning of UFSCar.