Alteridade e alienação: os impasses da intersubjetividade na filosofia de Sartre
Santos, Vinícius dos
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From the consciousness that comes across the objectification of the other s gaze in Being and nothingness, to the social life practical reciprocities of Critique of the dialectical reason, Sartre s thought is increasingly taken by a deepened reflection about the otherness. In fact, over the years, sartrean theory is gradually characterized by the challenge of explaining the nuances of intersubjectivity, permanently supported in the major axis of his work: freedom. However, this movement will never be ease the dialog with Marx, for instance, being the climax of this tension. That s why its investigation becomes a prime key to understand the entirety and the depth of his work which also means to point its potential explanatory limits and its intrinsic contradictions. In this sense, the goal of the thesis is critically inquire the conceptual nexus of Sartre s philosophy, its force lines and its weaknesses, from the point of view of the otherness. In doing so, we intend to reveal the impasses caused by the problem of the other in the sartrean thought, which is concentrated in the essential, never changed conception of the original experience of the otherness as alienation. In other words, our proposal is to discuss the assimilation between otherness and alienation throughout sartrean s work.