Mineração de regras de associação generalizadas utilizando ontologias fuzzy e similaridade baseada em contexto
Ayres, Rodrigo Moura Juvenil
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The mining association rules are an important task in data mining. Traditional algorithms of mining association rules are based only on the database items, providing a very specific knowledge. This specificity may not be advantageous, because the users normally need more general, interesting and understandable knowledge. In this sense, there are approaches working in order to obtain association rules with items belonging to any level of a taxonomic structure. In the crisp contexts taxonomies are used in different steps of the mining process. When the objective is the generalization they are used, mainly, in the pre-processing or post-processing stages. On the other hand, in the fuzzy context, fuzzy taxonomies are used, mainly, in the pre-processing step, during the generating extended transactions. A great problem of these transactions is related to the huge amount of candidates and rules. Beyond that, the inclusion of ancestors ends up generating redundancy problems. Besides, it is possible to see that many works have directed efforts for the question of mining fuzzy rules, exploring linguistic terms, but few approaches have been proposed for explore new steps of mining process. In this sense, this paper proposes the Context FOntGAR algorithm, a new algorithm for mining generalized association rules under all levels of fuzzy ontologies composed by specialization/generalization degrees varying in the interval [0,1]. In order to obtain more semantic enrichment, the rules may be composed by similarity relations, which are represented at the fuzzy ontologies in different contexts. In this work the generalization is done during the post-processing step. Other relevant points of this paper are the specification of a new approach of generalization; including a new grouping rules treatment, and a new and efficient way for calculating both support and confidence of generalized rules.