Ensino significativo de física por projetos: campanha de economia de energia elétrica
Oliveira, Naylor Ferreira de
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This work presents a strategy of meaningful learning based on projects. In the education proposal, steps are suggested to the development of the general design, regardless of the subject to be studied. These steps envolve the application of a diagnostic evaluation (student/teacher), motivation circumstances, research (students), concepts formalization (teacher), development and execution of the Project, exposure results, discussion on social networks, classroom discussions and final evaluation (students). These steps are developed in activities held inside the classrooms and extra classrooms. To exemplify this proposal, an specific Project called Campanha de Economia de Energia Elétrica (Power Energy Economics Campaign) was developed to be used as motivating and facilitating instrument to aim a successfully teaching. In order to fulfill the requirements of the Project, it was explored the wide exposure of the subject in the print and broadcast media, besides the Technologies, posters, debates and lectures. In this context, the Project of the author and its application are described in first and second classrooms of high school as well as other Project elaborated by two teachers of public school, through Observatório da Educação UFSCar-Capes, an state university located in the city of São Carlos, São Paulo State, Brazil. This work also presents the topics discussed during the development of the Project, the diagnostic evaluation and the final evaluation, besides the Schedule activities, with handouts, suggested to be taken as a pattern to be followed by the Professional of the same area. This work emphasizes the effects of sharing knowledge and experiences. In a general way, the application and pedagogic learning Project makes this process much more efficient and engaged. So, the concerned people, mainly students, can take advantage in understanding the meaning of scientific terms.