Análise da variabilidade da frequência cardíaca e da pressão arterial sistólica na síndrome da fragilidade
Buto, Marcele Stephanie de Souza
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Frailty is related to a decrease in the physiological reserves that causes a difficult to maintain homeostasis. The analysis of heart period (HP) and blood pressure (BP) variabilities can contribute to the understanding of cardiovascular homeostasis in the frailty syndrome. Objective: To compare HP and BP variabilities in frail, prefrail and nonfrail, un supine and orthostatic positions, by univariate and bivariate analysis. Methods: 39 elderly were evaluated and distributed in frail, prefrail and nonfrail groups, accordingly to frailty phenotype. The RR interval (RRi) and the systolic BP (SBP) series were registered for 15 minutes in the supine position and 15 minutes in orthostatic position. Univariate analysis (RRi: mean, variance, LFnu, HFabs and LF/HF and the SBP: mean, variance and LFabs) and bivariate analysis (phase, gain (α) and coherence (K2)) were performed. A two-way repeated measures ANOVA test was used for the statistical analysis; a 5% significance level was considered, along with group, position and interaction effects. Results: Univariate analysis do not detected changes in frailty syndrome. However, in the bivariate analysis frail presented lower K² than nonfrail in orthostatic position. Prefrail and frail reported a significant decrease in K² values in orthostatic position in comparison to the supine. Conclusion: Univariate analysis of HP and BP variabilities do not change when frailty syndrome is present. However, bivariate analysis indicated decoupling between HP and BP in frailty presence. Thus, a reduced K2 might be a marker of frailty process.