Identificação de regiões genômicas e genes candidatos posicionais e funcionais para características de eficiência alimentar em bovinos da raça Nelore
Oliveira, Priscila Silva Neubern de
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This thesis has been divided into three chapters for better understanding of the experiments. The first chapter refers to a brief Literature Review, with the main concepts and justifications for this work. The second chapter discusses the strategy of positional and functional candidate genes for traits of feed efficiency in Nelore cattle, and the third chapter presents a genome-wide association study for feed efficiency traits in the same population. Feed efficiency is an important production trait in beef cattle production systems. The aim of this study was to identify genes/QTLs associated with feed efficiency traits in Nelore cattle genotypes using the Illumina BeadChip BovineHD (770K) of 593 Nelore steers. The traits analyzed were: average daily weight gain (ADG), dry matter intake (DMI), feed conversion (FC), feed efficiency (FE), residual feed intake (RFI), efficiency of maintenance (EM), efficiency gain (EG), partial efficiency of growth (PEG) and relative growth rate (RGR). The first strategy discussed in this work, using candidate genes, investigated the association of Neurogenic differentiaton 1 (NEUROD1), Kv channel interacting protein 4 (KCNIP4), and Vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGFC) genes, with production traits in the same population. Our results are in according to literature that indicate NEUROD1, KCNIP4 and VEGFC as candidate genes for feed efficiency; and this study is the first to suggest the NEUROD1 gene as a candidate for gene backfat thickness, body weigth and metabolic weight in Nelore cattle. In the genome-wide association study some QTL regions identified in this study minimally overlapped with QTL regions previously reported for feed efficiency in Bos Taurus cattle, and harbor genes with biological functions related to metabolic processes, lipid and protein metabolism, energy generation and growth. A comparison with published results indicates that different QTL and genes may be involved in the control of feed efficiency in this population of Nelore cattle. The validation of the results obtained in this work in independent populations may contribute to elucidation of the mechanisms will involved in the variation of feed consumption and specific improvement in Nelore programs.