Letramento digital e professores de LE : formação para o uso das novas tecnologias em sala de aula
Pereira, Gabriela Imbernom
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It seems redundant, but not inopportune that we argue about the impact of technology upon men of this time when it comes to his way of living and interact with the world. The person of this new society has distinctive necessities that emerge from the requirements created by these new conditions of producing and distributing knowledge. When new technologies of information and communication are introduced in the society they promote the development of new modalities of social practices of reading and writing, which are characteristic of ciberculture (LEVY, 1999). This way, we understand that school becomes of one the social segments that is responsible for creating for these people possibilities of accessing this new way of producing and distributing knowledge. It is essential that we think how these new technologies of information and communication influence new pedagogical practices and if teachers are prepared to deal with them. For this reason, this study is intended to investigate the proposal of a discipline of pedagogical practice in a Letras course, which aims to contribute with the foreign language teacher, in a sense of providing him with conditions to develop the necessary competence of incorporating these new technologies of information and communication in his teaching. Therefore, our objective is to observe if the student-teacher, when accessing theories about the use of new technologies of information and communication as a teaching tool, is able to transfer this knowledge to his teaching practice. For this qualitative research of ethnographic base, it was used a semi-open questionnaire aiming to obtain information about the representation the student-teacher has about the teaching of a foreign language having the computer and the internet as a tool. Besides, the reflective diaries were the instruments that allowed us to collect data intending to analyze the progress of the development of the student-teachers, and also to verify if the representations they had about the use of new technologies of information and communication were modified after they reflected during the course. Lastly, foreign language classes using the new technologies of information and communication as a tool taught by the student-teachers were filmed in order to observe if the theoretical content of the course could be seen reflected in their practice. The data show the exposition of the studentteacher to the theoretical discussions during the course was relevant for their formation and contributed significantly for their teaching practice. Though it was also possible to be realized that even having been exposed to theories and discussions concerning the use of new technologies of information and communication in foreign language classes, the student-teacher cannot always translate them into an aware and theoretically founded practice.