Ensino de língua estrangeira e inclusão : percepções de alunos com surdez ou com deficiência auditiva sobre as aulas de inglês em escolas regulares
Rubio, Ana Claúdia Ferrari
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The changes occurred in our society in the last few years have immediately reflected in the school sphere. Nowadays, in the educational context there is a great international effort in favor of the inclusive education, which proposes to welcome students from any belief, race, social or financial background and who also may have any kind of disability. In this direction, this research has as objective to investigate the perceptions of deaf and hearing impaired students, included in state schools, concerning the teaching and learning process of a second language as part of the school curriculum, and therefore discuss the legislation which obliges those students to be in regular classrooms as well as the questions brought about regarding the process of inclusion. The subjects of the research are deaf or hearing impaired students from the 5th grade Elementary School to the 3rd grade High School, in the region of Araraquara, São Paulo, Brazil. It is a qualitative research, whose data were collected throught: (a) classroom observation; (b) questionnaires and interviews, intermediated by a professional specialized in sign language and (c) drawings. As a result, the data analyses have revealed that the students degree of language knowledge, of performance and of inclusion is related to individual characteristics.