Procedimentos e processos uma delicada relação na aprendizagem de discriminações por bebês
Sousa, Naiara Minto de
MetadataMostrar registro completo
This dissertation was based on four empirical research reports submitted for publication in specialized journals. The empirical researches laid the foundations for a theoretical analysis on Stimulus Control and discrimination learning by children about two-yearsold. Each of the four empirical reports have adjusted procedures for teaching discrimination, which have produced: 1) simple discrimination learning by children from 10- to 20-months-old; 2) simple discrimination and discrimination reversal learning by toddlers aged 15- to 23-months; 3) rapid listener behavior learning by a toddler aged 17- to 22-months; 4) identity conditional discrimination learning by seven toddlers aged 14- to 27-months and generalization from object-object relation with an abstract stimulus pair to the photo-object and video-object relations by a toddler aged 27- to 29-months. Based on the experimental data, the processes probably involved in the rapid discrimination learning by toddlers in their everyday interactions were brought out. Concerning vocabulary acquisition, responding by exclusion and ostensive learning were emphasized. Regarding concept formation, the processes of generalization between similar stimuli and equivalence class formation between dissimilar stimuli were addressed. The challenges in defining appropriated experimental procedures for investigating discrimination acquisition by toddlers in translational research were discussed. Additionally, we were concerned on the homology between the learning processes involved in the phenomena observed in everyday interactions of toddlers with their verbal community and the learning processes involved in the experimental procedures.
Apresentado os itens relacionados pelo título, autor e assunto.
Moreno, Antonio Mauricio; http://lattes.cnpq.br/8377841191821143 (Universidade Federal de São CarlosBRUFSCarPrograma de Pós-graduação em Psicologia, 2012-04-23)Research on stimulus equivalence constitutes an experimental approach to assess variables underlying the development of symbolic behavior, which depends on the establishment of conditional relations between stimuli. ...
Sertori, Natália Maria; http://lattes.cnpq.br/4989052052680767 (Universidade Federal de São CarlosBRUFSCarPrograma de Pós-graduação em Educação Especial, 2013-03-20)Exclusion responding has been investigated as the immediate choice for unknown comparison stimuli (picture or object) facing a model stimulus also unknown. For Behavior Analysis, it is one of the processes by which children ...
Enfrentamentos ao racismo e discriminações na educação superior: experiências de mulheres negras na construção da carreira docente Silva, Maria de Lourdes; http://lattes.cnpq.br/9178638111739606 (Universidade Federal de São CarlosBRUFSCarPrograma de Pós-graduação em Educação, 2013-06-28)This research, based on the experiences of four black women teachers in public universities in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, aimed to understand how black women teachers who opted politically by facing racism and ...