Perfil motor de escolares com Transtorno de Déficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade
Oliveira, Cristina Camargo de
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This study aimed to identify the motor profile of students with interdisciplinary diagnosis of Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity (ADHD), and compare with students with good academic performance, and to verify the incidence of Developmental Coordination Disorder in this study population. A total of 46 students participated in the study, males and females, with ages ranging from 7 to 10 years and 11 months, attending from 1st to 5th year of elementary education at public schools in cities of São Paulo state. The students were divided into two groups: Group I (GI) included 23 students with Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity; Group II (GII) included 23 students with good academic performance, paired according to gender and age group with GI group. Groups experienced motor assessment (Movement Assessment Battery for Children - Second Edition (Movement ABC - 2). MABC Test consisted of eight items grouped into three sections (manual dexterity, target and precision, and balance), parents / guardians responded to DCDQ questionnaire - Brazil, which contains 25 questions about the motor behavior of the child, and the Economic Classification questionnaire. The results were statistically analyzed in order to characterize and compare the motor profile of the students, intra and intergroup. The results showed that some of the students in GI presented indicative of Developmental Coordination Disorder, whereas in GII, none of the students presented indicative of Developmental Coordination Disorder. However, it is possible to stand out an incidence of Developmental Coordination Disorder in the population with Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity in about 43%. These findings will hopefully contribute to the knowledge about students with ADHD, helping to guide actions to assist this population by teachers, health professionals, and family.