Desenvolvimento sustentável e questão agrária : retóricas e realidades em movimento
Gonçalves, José Cláudio
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From the mid-1990s, the debate surrounding the Brazilian agrarian question began to incorporate the issues related to the conservation of natural resources. In this perspective, speeches and projects based on the concept of Sustainable Development (SD) gained prominence. This process is consolidated through the creation, by the National Institute of Colonization and Agrarian Reform (INCRA), new modalities of rural settlements, among which, the Sustainable Development Projects (PDSs). Considering the social, environmental and economic particularities prevalent in Macro region the Ribeirão Preto, this thesis analyzes the organizational process of two rural settlements in the PDS type implemented by the Regional Superintendent of INCRA/SP in the municipalities of San Carlos and Descalvado. The general objective of this study was to analyze to what extent the principles of economic efficiency, social justice and ecological prudence have been realized these settlements. As a methodological strategy was taken use of a documentary research on the agrarian question and environmental Brazilian, direct observations, interviews semiestruturadas and iconography were also used during the research. Based on the procedure information triangulation technique and the material collected it can be said that the implementation the PDSs this region of São Paulo state, are at a crossroads, because while there are social advances, also emerge barriers, particularly in the ecological dimension of these projects. This allows sort this type of rural settlement as an environmental rhetoric.