A ciência psiquiátrica pela perspectiva CTS : os conflitos pela legitimação dos cuidados aos infantojuvenis
Buttarello, Arieli Januzzi
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Under the approach of social studies of Science and technology (STS), tis research has analyzed issues in the current constitution of the mental health field that has taken care of children and adolescents in Brazil. Based on Pierre Bourdieu’s theoretical contribution, a case study was carried out in a Centro de Atenção Psicossocial (CAPSi), in a country in the state of São Paulo, in order to analyzed the institutionalized relations by the multiprofessionals that work in this Center, which is an apparatus implemented by the National Mental Health Policy (PNSM). The methodology was elaborated on corresponding literature to the theme of this research, and the case study was carried out through semi structured interviews with some professionals from CAPSi, through direct observation of the CAPSi’s team meetings, through meetings between the constituting service network to the municipal mental health, and by analyzed the Minutes Meeting of CAPSi’s team. The analysis of the data showed evidence of the dominance of psychiatric science in the epistemological basis that build concepts and institutions mental disorders care, as well as the existence of conflicting paradigms, the psychopharmalogical trivialization, considerations about children and adolescents social leadership and about the non recognition of CAPSi as healthcare institution by the municipal services and by the scholar and juridical fields. With the results of this research, it is expected to contribute to the STS studies and to researchers interested in the theme, intending to generate reflections and reviews about the efficiency and effectivenss of care for children and adolescents diagnosed with mental disorders, and the social position of children and adolescents.