Economia solidária e a produção de cidadania na saúde mental : um estudo dos dispositivos de inclusão social pelo trabalho no estado de São Paulo
Pinho, Kátia Liane Rodrigues
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A Universal State Policy with population citizenship rights guaranteed constitutes a key element for analysis of social inclusion devices for work on mental health found in Psychosocial Care Network. The construction of the SUS and, most recently, the SUAS has demanded permanent evaluation processes, research and studies, construction management technologies, innovation and social technologies aimed at health care and social and productive inclusion. The research conducted at the Graduate Program in Science, Technology and Society, the Center for Education and Human Sciences, Federal University of São Carlos, at the master's level, aimed to analyze the experiences of seven social inclusion devices for work in the area of mental health, the state of São Paulo. Of qualitative provided understand the relationship between the field Science, Technology and Society, social technologies, the social economy and social inclusion for the work on mental health, by analyzing the operating methods and management of devices. The research was literature review: Brazilian health reform, public policies in mental health, social economy and social technologies. The inclusion in the survey took place after the approval of the manager to participate in the interview with the signing of informed consent and permission of the Municipal Health Department. Data collection started after approval of the CEP- UFSCar through semi-structured interviews. The first part of the interview favored the characterization of the device and the second provided information on the working methodology, everyday actions and objectives of the service. The results indicated that the Brazilian psychiatric reform, through the psychosocial care model, has made access to the town, the house and work. In this scenario, the search for citizenship and the right to work has been a challenge. Promote the generation of jobs and income and overcome the denial of these rights is the task that the devices have been placed. The stakes in group activities and self-managed and in constant formation and networking of making come the tools of political and social transformation. Flat on the Italian model, founded on social cooperatives have shown that although there are more than two decades, the country has not yet consolidated a consistent legal framework to support them in order to provide the stability and expansion of their actions. Co-existing in a fine line between health policies and labor policies, a number of challenges, are seen as potential limiting and the growth thereof, including: the absence of formal and permanent financing; the lack of technical preparation of management and entrepreneurship by content managers and technical staff; the necessary expansion and / or strengthening of cross-sector partnerships; dependence on local policies for continuity of projects; the inability to hire professionals specialized in business and the need to expand the marketing strategies of production. From this perspective, the reflections undertaken by the meeting of scientific and technological production with the social, pointing at new directions for strategic thinking about the devices. Given the above, we conclude that this research was an important trigger for others that might follow up on it, for the emergence of a proposition to assist the development and continued operation of these devices is of paramount importance to the contexts, academic, social and political públicas.