Docência no ensino superior : aprendendo a ser professor de contabilidade
Ferreira, Marcelo Marchine
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Inserted in the field of Teaching in Higher Education, this research aimed to understand which conceptions about being a teacher underlie and give meaning to teaching accounting professors in higher education. Of socio-constructivist approach the theoretical axis approached initially, historical and organizational aspects of the profession and accounting education in Brazil, shedding light on elements of context that are actors on "teaching" and "being a university professor." Following treated on training, professional development and teachers working in higher education, inter-weaving relationships with teachers knowledge in Tardif perspective. Also specific issues to understand the teaching and the accounting education articulated at the prospect of Schön on the practical-reflective teaching for the exercise of professions were treated. Methodological research was qualitative guidance as a general strategy. The data collection was carried out through semi-structured interviews applied to 12 teachers of Accounting courses of Unespar - University of Paraná. The content of the interviews sought to cover professional development paths (teaching and non-teaching), the formative processes of teaching and the experiences and experiences in teaching the investigation. Analyses were carried out basing on the Discursive Textual Analysis, a method that is between the content analysis and discourse analysis. As a result, it is possible to consider that accounting professors perceive themselves more as teachers, accountants and have conception that teaching is conducting activity that extends from the professional accounting field. The mental representation that move their teaching actions are anchored in the logic of technical rationality, present largely in the accounting professional practice scope. Your thoughts and your teaching practices are impregnated and conditioned from the instrumental perspective of technical rationality, where "being a teacher" and "teaching" are taken in a breeding prospect of models and forms of reductionist action. The "being a teacher" it is also anchored in self perception they have to be more counter-teachers than teachers-counters. The "be accountant" seems to be more present in their teaching conceptions of what "being a teacher". This is an argument that can be backed up by data from research that showed high concern teachers domain technicalprofessional content. Also, both the activities that are most present in their doings teachers - teaching undergraduate and general administration and university management - as also by that are more missing (which some hold): research and extension.