Dimensões do desenvolvimento do complexo industrial Portuário de Suape : política econômica e política social
Gumiero, Rafael Gonçalves
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Industrial Port Complex of Suape (IPCS) project has a long trajectory and can be understood in four different moments of deployment in the history of regional development policy experiences to the Northeast. The first moment, 1955-1970, constitutes the studies coordinated by CONDEPE- highlighting to the research of Lebret in 1955. The second, 1970-1982, is characterized by the institutionalization of the PPS by the Pernambuco government in 1974 and the formulation of its first director’s plans. The third, 1983-2014, in the government of Fernando Henrique Cardoso, appears the PPS as one of the largest ports in Brazil. But, it was from 2006 that has emerged as one of the largest projects of the federal government, which brought together investments of its programs: Growth Acceleration Program (PAC); National Bank for Economic and Social Development (BNDES); Northeast Constitutional Financing Fund (FNE). Also in this time, the Pernambuco government prepared its new Suape Director Plan – 2030. Our hypothesis, in this thesis, is that the Industrial Port Complex of Suape has a particularity: be idealized and institutionalized in new developmental period characterized by the protagonism of the State and public funds for the development leverage. This point – anchoring in developmental project - allows us to present similarities and differences in the proposals of the IPCS for development at different stages of its historical trajectory: by the Old developmentalism in the 1950s until 1970, at the latest phase in the 2000s. In both instances, the State was central figure in the development and was the protagonist of this process in formulating development policies. However, the central difference is that in the developmental period the concept of development was anchored in the axis of economic productivity as an ex-ante condition of social policies. In the new developmentalism the concept of development was marked by the binomial economic growth with social inclusion. The goal proposed in this thesis is to verify that in the period of 2003 to 2014 the federal government has formulated social policies with the same intensity that mobilized resources for economic growth for Suape. This goal was worked for five movement of analysis: 1) Identification of the conception of social policies present in Multi-annuals plans of the federal government; 2) Comparison of social policy design made by the federal government with the instruments of direct application in the strategic territory of Suape, designated by the theme notebooks and the new Director Plan for Suape – 2030; 3) Analysis of resources allocated to public policies in the social area in Suape from consultation realized in federal government programs (PAC, BNDES, FNE, Bolsa Família Program); 4) Assessments of structural changes in the territory of Suape, in special by the survey (or not) of social vulnerability fall and possible recent changes. This movement prioritized the quantitative analysis of the eight municipalities that compose the territory of Suape; 5) A last movement conducted the survey of actions of state and local governments of Pernambuco with the focus on public policies to Suape, using as basic material PPAs of Pernambuco and municipalities.