Participação política das mulheres : do âmbito partidário ao comportamento legislativo
Costacurta, Mayara Spinace
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The majority of the population and the number of the voters are woman, which since the nineties have been gradually inserted in the politician universe. Therefore, known and understand the female political participation and representation is fundamental. In order to have this understanding, this research investigated the performance of the women that can be elected to the office of Congresswoman by the political parties PT, PSDB, PMDB and DEM/PFL between the 50th and the 54th legislature, among 1994 and 2010. Our goal were to identify if the political parties could affect the eligible potential and propositional of the Brazilian legislature women. With this methodology, we aimed to answer two hypothesis. The first verified if man and woman have similarities between their socio-economic profiles and regarding their politician characteristics, suchlike time of stay in political legends and history, looking for family ties, social movements or participation in the foundation of the political party. The second hypothesis investigated if the propositional behavior of man and woman have similarities. The data which allowed the conclusions were collected based on information available in the site of the House of Representatives. The propositions and law projects were analyzed based on an adaptation of the methodology model and categorical of FEITOSA and MIGUEL (2009) being Soft, Middle and Hard the categories. The founded results were compared in relation of gender and the political parties. Some results pointed that the politician profile of woman on PT present less dependency of family capital to be elected that woman of the others political parties. The most relevant factor regarding the founded behavior is the fact that woman started to insert relatives in the politician, reverse path to the common. Respecting to the propositions and law projects we perceived that woman with just longer trajectories can the fact propose more projects with Hard themes, which will promote big scale changes as the case of reforms.