Efeitos da imunização com Adenosina Quinase (AK) e Hipoxantina-Guanina Fosforibosiltransferase (HGPRT) recombinantes de Schistosoma mansoni : controle da infecção murina
Fattori, Ana Carolina Maragno
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The mansoni schistosomiasis is the most important of human helminthiasis. Despite advances in its control this disease continues to spread to new geographical areas. It currently affects more than 250 million people. However, limited options are available for and Praziquantel is the drug of choice. Various authors have been searching new drugs and vaccines to control schistosomiasis. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a prior immunization with recombinant enzymes of Schistosoma mansoni: Adenosine Kinase (AK) and Hypoxanthine-guanine Phosphoribosyltransferase (HGPRT), which are important for parasite purine metabolism, as well as a MIX of these enzymes, and subsequent challenge with cercariae of the parasite in the control of murine infection. Female Balb/c mice were divided into 5 groups. The groups were enzyme-immunized in three doses and 15 days after the last immunization, animals were infected with S. mansoni. After infection in the 47º day egg count were carried in mice faeces and in the 48º day mice were sacrificed for evaluation of leukocyte numbers (blood and peritoneal cavity), worm burden, antibodies production, cytokines quantification and histopathological analysis of the liver of these animals. Our results strongly suggest that, immunization with a MIX originated in these animals reduction in the number of eggs in faeces by 46% when compared with the animals of the infected group. Animals of the groups immunized with AK, HGPRT and/or MIX seem to induce a reduction in the number of eosinophils in the peritoneal cavity when compared to the animals of the infected group. Concerning worm burden, the animals of the MIX group presented greater reduction (31.27%) when compared to the animals of the infected group. The animals of the immunized groups, AK, HGPRT and/or MIX were capable of producing IgG1 antibodies and IgE anti the enzymes and anti the parasite proteins. The animals of the immunized group MIX showed a slight increase in IL-4 production and observed reduction of IL-10, and in the HGPRT group induced a slight increase on IFN-γ production when in compared with the infected group. In addition, the animals of the AK group showed a decrease in the number of hepatic granulomas in tissue (44,55%) and the eggs present in liver (42,31%). Therefore, it suggests that immunization with these enzymes can contributes to schistosomiasis control, as well as it might helps to modulate experimental infection inducing reduction of physiopathology of this parasitosis.