O terapeuta ocupacional na rede de atenção e cuidado à crianças e adolescentes usuários de substâncias psicoativas
Santarosa, Camila Camargo
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The drug issue is part of human history. The age at which begins drug use has decreased over the years. To provide comprehensive care to children and young psychoactive substances users, it is necessary to know the risk and protective factors for use, their vulnerable conditions and a network joint. In order to meet these goals, occupational therapy proves to be a profession with the potential to work with the population of children and adolescents psychoactive substances users as it works to restore citizenship through appreciation of cultural diversity, inclusion and social participation through of different interventions. Objectives: To understand the role of occupational therapists in the network of attention and care to children and adolescents psychoactive substances users in São Paulo. Methods: This crosssectional study , exploratory and descriptive qualitative approach. The study included four managers of the equipment belonging to the network of the region's center of São Paulo and 11 occupational therapists workers in these services. For data collection were used personal and professional protocol information of participants and semi-structured interviews. Data analysis was performed using the thematic analysis technique and descriptive analysis. Results: The results point to an important vulnerability this condition in the population of children and adolescents by the network of the Center of São Paulo. This network was identified and appointed by professionals as a network failure and still fragile, but joint strategies are developed by professionals in order to strengthen relationships and establish partnerships between different devices and network industries. The occupational therapist professional plays an important role in this joint besides the different activities carried out within the services. Occupational therapists perform many tasks that are common to other team members, but it was possible to see a trend of this professional to engage primarily in activities that involve action in the territory, therapeutic monitoring, income generation, as well as plastic and physical activities in order to always expanding the repertoire of activities of this population. The main difficulties pointed out by professionals are mainly related to the difficulty of adherence of children and adolescents SPA users to treatment, political issues that cross daily services and disability network. Professionals also pointed fields of knowledge that are important for the realization of his work as: Harm Reduction, Mental Health and Public Policy.