Caracterização do efeito da rugosidade em filmes finos de TiNb sobre o aço 316L para aplicação na biomedicina
Sato, Patrícia Suemi
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With the increase in life expectancy, there has been a raise in the use of prostheses due to the need to replace parts of the human body. To avoid tissue rejection, metal alloys from implants should be biocompatible. The Ti-6Al-4V alloy is widely used in prostheses, however, aluminum presents tissue irritation and inflammation issues and vanadium oxide is unstable, with a high probability of being cytotoxic. Thus, the search for new alternatives has reached the Ti-β alloys, whose properties are more similar to those of the human bone and its structure can present stable or metastable phases according to the quantity of the alloying elements. Unfortunately, Ti prosthesis have a high price compared to the 316L and 316L stainless steel ones, as the later do not have the biocompatibility characteristics of Ti. It seems an interesting research topic about how to use a Ti alloy coating in stainless steel for biomedical application. To be able to deposit the metal alloy, magnetron sputtering is a good choice, since this technique is largely used to obtain thin films due to the quality of the formed films, their high deposition rate, low pressure work and less intense electron bombardment of the substrate. Consequently, it has been used in the manufacture of thin films of Ti and its alloys for biomedical applications. There is no notice of another research group working in this theme. In this project, the objective is to study the influence of the surface change on the deposition of the thin films and if there is difference in the composition when performing chemical cleaning before spraying.