Definição de parâmetros dimensionais de estacionamento para veículos de duas rodas – estudo de caso da UFSCar
Alves, Elien Jolo
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Being a global phenomenon, the motorization process has advanced in the last decades and is characterized mainly by the increase of motor vehicles used in the individual transport. The evidence suggests the association of the process with the deficiencies of public transport, the model of urban land occupation and the economic policies to encourage the automobile industry in recent decades. In view of the aggravation of the national scenario, the new guidelines of the National Urban Mobility Policy were instituted in 2012 with the purpose of encouraging the use of collective transportation and non-motorized modes. In spite of representing an innovation, with admittedly positive propositions, several questions are raised, especially regarding the financing of infrastructure and the sharing of the costs of public transport and other initiatives aimed at urban mobility. The new legislation did not give due attention to motorcycles, as it saw them under the same conditions as cars and other motor vehicles, despite their recognized vulnerability. This is the reason why small safety initiatives in the use of this type of vehicle are important. It was verified that some parking spaces for motorcycles available on the campus São Carlos of the UFSCar have reduced dimensions or some difficulty for their access, besides the disproportionality in front of the offer of vacancies for the automobiles. The hypothesis was then formulated about the outdating of the parameters used in the distribution of the vacancies, dimensions and in the maximum slope of the floor, particularly in parking lots positioned outside the streets. The bibliographic review was applied to collect propositions regarding these parameters. A questionnaire was also sent to the municipal transit authorities, which allowed verification the criteria for the deployment of new parking lots. The case study was used to analyze the adopted parameters and was inferred by the veracity of the initial hypothesis. It was also verified that in the majority of the studied cases the size of the vacancies do not follow the recommendation of the regulator of traffic. It was found that the distribution of parking spaces between motorcycles and automobiles does not correspond to the proportion observed in the municipal, state and regional vehicle fleet. It was concluded that the specificities of the motorcycles were not considered in relation to the inclination of the floor of the parking lots. Based on the information obtained during the research, the proposals for adequacy for UFSCar parking lots were made.