UMA ANÁLISE NO PROCESSO DE ENSINO-APRENDIZAGEM DE GEOMETRIA NO ENSINO FUNDAMENTAL II DAS ESCOLAS MUNICIPAIS DE PORTO FELIZ
Rocha, Renato Cesar
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The objective of this work is to analyze the teaching and learning process of Geometry in the Mathematics classes of Middle School in the municipal schools of Porto Feliz / SP, by investigating the teaching methodology of Mathematics teachers, if they use teaching instruments such as rulers, compasses and protractors in their teaching practices. The research was motivated by the need of changing the teaching and learning process of Geometry. The theoretical course of the research was based on the review of official documents, books, theses, dissertations and articles by Authors and Teachers that argue and evidence the importance of geometric constructions in the student's formation and in the historical context. The methodological option for this research was quanti-qualitative. In the methodological process of quantitative nature, we developed questionnaires addressed to all the students and teachers from the research scenario, with the purpose of tracing the profiles and investigating the methodology used in teaching-learning Geometry. For the analysis of these data we use the Descriptive Statistics methods, with syntheses presented in the form of graphs and tables. In the methodological process of a qualitative nature, in order to experience the arguments of the theoretical foundation, we developed the weekly geometric lesson project with emphasis on geometric constructions at Coronel Esmédio School, with the students from the 8th Grade Middle School C during the year of 2016. The results of the quantitative research allowed us to trace the profile of students and teachers of the researched environment. We observed the negligence or abandonment of geometric constructions in Mathematics classes and the possible reasons for this sad reality. The performance of the qualitative research allowed us to identify the evolution in participation, concentration and performance of the students, proving the arguments of the theoretical foundation on the benefits of geometric constructions in the teaching and learning process of Geometry. The experiences of the teacher / researcher in the qualitative methodological process, together with the results obtained in the quantitative, made explicit the benefits of the geometric constructions in the student's formation and the need of changing the teaching and learning process of Geometry in the Middle School of Porto Feliz / SP.