Discordantes aliados: diplomacia e estratégia militar do Brasil na formação dos blocos da Segunda Guerra Mundial
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The theme of this study is diplomacy and the military strategies adopted in Brazil between 1930 and 1942. In the Brazilian background, the country had several social and political changes involving the governor Getúlio Vargas and groups allied to him. In the foreign background, there were negotiations for the formation of military blocs towards the World War II (1939-1945). The aim of this study is to analyze the political thoughts and public actions of two State agents who were essential to the period: the diplomat and chancellor Oswaldo Aranha and the Army Staff lead officer Góes Monteiro. This search is basead on discourses, letters, biography, annuals and diaries, in a qualitative basis. Although the literature indicates a political polarization in the Estado Novo between the pro-liberal diplomat and the pro-central military, this study aims to understand the confluence between both agents and to comprehend how the foreign policy was benefited from this confluence. The present study verify that, even though they defended different political positions, Aranha and Góes Monteiro adopted a collaborative policy, which resulted in the alignment with the United States of America, starting from the same conception and perception of national interest: financing of heavy industry and military reequipment.
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