Populações tradicionais e onças: uma análise sobre os conflitos entre grandes felinos (Carnivora:Felidae) e comunidades quilombolas do Vale do Ribeira e suas implicações conservacionistas
Santos, Giovanna Hemy Takano dos
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The predation of domestic herds by jaguars (Panthera onca) and pumas (Puma concolor) is a reality in rural areas in several properties, including in the quilombola remnants of Vale do Ribeira. This fact generates high economic losses at the place and ends up being one of the reasons for these species to be pursued and hunted. As a result, the negative feeling about the jaguars and the persecution of them intensifies, which makes conservationist actions difficult to protect these great predators. Therefore, the present work investigated, from a qualitative analysis of the bibliographic review and semi-structured characteristics, in relation to the conflict between the big cats and the quilombola communities of Vale do Ribeira. The survey of the discussion brought different aspects that encompass the theme of human-fauna conflicts. The main points were as perceptions about this fauna group, which, mostly negative; as possible measures and proposals to alleviate the conflict; and the importance of having more efficient means for communication between the different agents (researchers, quilombolas and conservation professionals), considering the way of life of these local populations and their historical and cultural dimensions.
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