A relação interesse-Estado na petrolífera argentina YPF. Trajetórias dos conselheiros e diretores executivos da empresa no período 2002-2020
Vidal, Nicolás Alfredo
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This paper analyzes an apparent "new way of doing politics" and the change in the interest-state relationship, seeking, within the Argentine oil company Yacimientos Petroliferos Fiscales (YPF), the circulation and conversions of the company's board directors and executive directors between 2002 and 2020. The objective of the Thesis is to analyze the life trajectories of the board directors and executive directors of the Argentine oil company YPF, in the period 2002-2020, in the search for their attributes to create ideal types that allow us to think about the interest-State relationship. The research, based on the reflexive sociology of Pierre Bourdieu, is predominantly qualitative and uses prosopography method to immerse in the common characteristics of the group of directors of the company through a collective study of their lives. We argue that there could be cases in which directors, after passing through the company, create intermediary companies with which they will sell their services to YPF, which could be a new way of co-opting the State. We found five ideal types of directors: The classic, directors who have spent their entire labor life in the company; the interlocker, advisors who sit in more directories besides YPF; the revolving door, directors entering and leaving the civil service to the private sphere; the consultant/lobbyist who after YPF's departure creates his consulting firm or sells influence; and, the transgressor, who after leaving the company creates his own energy company.
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