Serviços ecossistêmicos de um agroecossistema gerido por uma comunidade de matriz africana: o exemplo Ylê Axé de Yansã
Fernandes, Emmanuélly Maria de Souza
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Candomblé, the Afro-Brazilian religion, has in Nature its main form of expression; it is the basis of the material, spiritual and religious existence of traditional African-based communities. Thus, in this work, the object of study was the ability to provide ecosystem services of a rural property managed by the Ylê Axé de Yansã community, whose management values harmonious coexistence, conservation and rational use of natural resources. The management of agroecosystems, in its complexity, involves aspects that relate to the natural and social spheres, which influences the provision of ecosystem services. In this sense, the traditions of traditional African-based communities can bring new possibilities for the handling of agroecosystems and the consequent offer of provision, support, regulation and cultural services. In the complex context of Candomblé, where the unity of the human being in the natural environment prevails, plants have an important symbolic value, therefore, in addition to presenting an essential ritualistic role, they help in the characterization of the sacred that promotes the maintenance of their traditions and customs. Chapter 1 assesses the sustainability and ability to provide ecosystem services of the subsystems of a plot managed by traditional African-based community, guardians of Nature, preserve natural resources, value biodiversity, which increases the multiplicity of services offered in each system. And in chapter 2 an ethnobotanical survey was carried out, where the floristic structure of Ylê was discussed, relating the plant diversity used in a wide variety of rites, being this diversity the result of an intense and continuous process of preservation by the community.
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